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Efficient Irrigation and Water Usage

There are so many different types of irrigation, but the demand to cut back on water usage has increased in the last few years. The question a lot of people then ask is which irrigation system is most efficient without wasting any water?Irrigation

Related Reading: Pretoria Irrigation Systems

To limit overwatering, you can invest in rain or soil moisture sensors that stop your irrigation system when necessary. A soil moisture sensor is more accurate than a rain sensor but is complicated to install and manage. However, a rain sensor will work fine if you don’t want to spend a lot of money.

Let’s take a look at the pros and cons of different irrigation systems.


You can choose between automatic or manual sprinklers. Both will be able to water larger and wider areas. With a manual sprinkler system, you have to open the valve and close it after your chosen amount of time. If you’re not up for this, you can program automatic sprinklers to your exact needs. You do however have to adjust the programming as the seasons change or when it’s raining, and you don’t have a rain or soil sensor.

Drip Irrigation

This system is extremely precise and works perfect in small gardens and watering individual plants. It is more efficient than sprinklers and also saves more water. Because drip irrigation provides water directly into the soil, no water is lost due to evaporation or runoff.

Hand Watering

This is obviously the most common and affordable way. This includes a garden hose and portable sprinklers. With hand watering, you can easily prevent overwatering. You can simply move to the next part of the garden when you see the ground stops absorbing water. You can also invest in different nozzles to control water flow.

Credit: Pro Fusion Irrigation

In conclusion, the automatic sprinklers are the most convenient and the drip irrigation system more effective if you want to save water. Both these systems are more expensive but worth the investment.

Irrigation For Dummies

You may know that you want to install an irrigation system, yet you really do not know the first thing about it. The more that you understand standard irrigation and all of the parts that it involves, the easier it will be.

There are two different kinds of irrigation systems:

Metered Water System – This is where water gets distributed via a fixed system, usually connected to the existing water lines in a home. Water is measured and you pay accordingly with your monthly usage.

Pump System – Water gets pumped via an irrigation system from a lake or pond. Besides the installation, this will cost nothing.

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Efficient Irrigation and Water Usage

Next, you have to know the various components for your standard irrigation system:

Shutoff Valve – This is a way to cut off the water supply if you need to.
Backflow Preventer – Works to prevent contamination of water, and the water flowing back to the municipal supply.
Mainline – These are pipes that bring water to your main sprinkler. If you have a problem with the mainline, it will impact the entire irrigation system.
Sprinkler Area – This is a group of sprinklers that will work together to give guaranteed water distribution to a certain area.
Area Lines – These are the pipes that will transport water from your main line into each sprinkler. When there is a problem in the pipes, it will impact a specific area only.
Valves – These are devices for controlling water flow.
Heads – This is where water is released from your pipes into specific irrigated areas.
Controller – Here is where you program the system to send commands out to the valves for opening and closing at the selected time.

With the last part, you will need to know about the different head types:

Rotating Head – Works by rotating water all over the area. Some of them are adjustable and interchangeable to fit your needs.
Fixed Spray Head – This sprays over the smaller areas, and the distance can also be adjusted.

For anyone who would love to have a green garden that is lush and beautiful all year long, you never have to be an expert in irrigation. These basics will help you to have incredible results.